Master System Design For Your Interviews Or Your Web Startup
The word system design got pretty popular with software engineers ever since the big guns like Facebook, Google, Palantir added an essential system design round in their interview process. I mean that’s how I came across the term. Now the obvious question that would pop…
Product Development Roadmap – Insights, By A Developer, Into The Process Of Developing New Products From The Bare Bones
Hey there, I am Shivang, a software developer by profession, the author of this write-up as well as the founder of this blog. In my past life, I worked as a full-stack developer with the Hewlett Packard Enterprise Technical Solutions R&D team. You can read…
Google Databases: How Do Google Services Store Petabyte-Exabyte Scale Data?
Google.com is the most visited website on our planet. Followed by YouTube.com. Both services are owned by Google. Besides these two there are other multiple online services owned by Google each with over a billion users like Gmail, Google Ads, Google Play, Google Maps, Google…
YouTube Database – How Does It Store So Many Videos Without Running Out Of Storage Space?
YouTube is the second most popular website on the planet after Google. As of May 2019, more than 500 hours of video content is uploaded to the platform every single minute. With over 2 billion users, the video-sharing platform is generating billions of views with…
Web Application Architecture & Software Architecture 101 Course
What Is This Course All About? This course is a 101 on Web Application & Software Architecture. It walks you step by step through different components & concepts involved when designing the architecture of a web application. We’ll learn about various architectural styles such as the client-server, peer…
Distributed Systems and Scalability Feed
Facebook photo storage architecture
Facebook built Haystack, an object storage system designed for storing photos on a large scale. The platform stores over 260 billion images which amounts to over 20 petabytes of data. One billion new photos are uploaded each week which is approx—60 terabytes of data. At peak, the platform serves over one million images per second.
In the original NAS-based photo storage architecture, Facebook faced throughput and latency issues as the photos and the associated metadata lookups in NAS caused excessive disk operations almost upto ten just for retrieving a single image.
Tail latency in distributed systems
Tail latency is that tiny percentage of responses from a system that are the slowest in comparison to most of the responses. They are often called as the 98th or 99th percentile response times. This may seem insignificant at first but for large applications like LinkedIn, this has noticeable effects. This could mean that for a page having a million views per day 10,000 of those page views would experience the delay. Read how LinkedIn deals with longtail network latencies.
There can be multiple causes of tail latency: increasing load on the system, complex and distributed systems, application bottlenecks, slow network, slow disk access and more. Read more on it.
RobinHood: Tail latency-aware caching
RobinHood is a research caching system for application servers in large distributed systems having diverse backends. The cache system dynamically partitions the cache space between different backend services and continuously optimizes the partition sizes.
Microsoft research has a talk on getting rid of long-tail latencies.
> Spotify Engineering: From Live to Recording
> Ingesting LIVE video streams at a global scale at Twitch
> $64,944 spent on AWS, to support 25,000 customers, in August by ConvertKit.
> Read how Storytel engineering computes customer consumption of books transitioning from batch processing to streaming bookmarks data with Apache Beam and Google Cloud.
> How Pokemon Go scales to millions of requests per second?
> Insight into how Grab built a high-performance ad server.
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- Web Application Architecture Explained With Designing a Real-World Service
- Wide-column, Column-oriented and Column Family Databases – A Deep Dive with Bigtable and Cassandra
- Design For Scale and High Availability – What Does 100 Million Users On A Google Service Mean?
- How Razorpay handled significant transaction bursts during events like IPL
- Facebook’s Photo Storage Architecture